“I’ve made it my goalAbolition of special protection, because it is a further protection compared to what is happening with the rest of Europe. There is a proposal from the majority overall, it is not an issue on which there is disagreement. It is complex and it is normal that there are several amendments.” The Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni talk about the changes to the of migrants, on his last day Visit to Ethiopiarepeated the Tightening of the government on immigrationand noted that the majority forces are rowing in the same direction on this issue, barring the ongoing parliamentary dialectics.
With the ally of the Northern League Matthew Salvini, Meloni said again: “We talked about the issue a few weeks ago to understand whether we should work as a government initiative or as a parliamentary initiative. In the end we decided to let the fractions work, but – he assures us – there is no essential difference, there is a willingness to work together”. And it is good to do so, because “multiplicity is enrichment”, she replied to those who asked her about the hypothesis of a single party, on which Guido Crosetto finally spoke after the most faithful Giovanbattista Fazzolari.
Also the Minister of FdI for Relations with Parliament, Luca CirianiHe denies reconstructions that speak of disagreements in the majority about the need for further tightening of immigration rules: “There is no division on this issue: we will go to the commission together on Monday and then to the plenary chamber next week,” he guarantees .
The “dressing” for special protection
If the government’s declared goal, which was reaffirmed in Addis Ababa, is to “abolish special protection”, this will initially be carried out by a majority with an agreement that will be tested in the Senate hall on Tuesday a new print to the instrument that has already experienced a sharp cut with the so-called Cutro decree.
A tightening that does not cancel it: the additional motion of the majority to the first signature Maurizio Gasparri provides that the Residence permits for special protection, one for disasters and one for medical treatment can no longer be converted into a residence permit for professional reasons.
Instead, it extends protection in the event of Domestic violence against child brides. And a squeeze also targets “serious psychophysical conditions” or “serious pathologies”, which are replaced by the words: “health conditions resulting from particularly serious pathologies that cannot be adequately treated in the countries of origin”. Indeed, as explained by the first signatory of the amendment to the Cutro decree, Maurizio Gasparri (FI), “the psychological element is always questionable” and leaves “too much room for interpretation”.
The special protection “provided for only in Italy”, as Gasparri always emphasizes, can be extended “for no more than 6 months”. “The reasoning – emphasizes the FI Senator – is that we want to limit the maximum amount of the institution to prevent it “remaining a kind of passe-partout to allow everyone to enter Italy”.
As his party had already done, Matthew Salvini The victory is “registered”: “Thanks to a change requested by the Lega, the special protection that the left has greatly expanded will be discontinued,” writes the Deputy Prime Minister on social media.” Because of this status, it is only in our country Italy that it is even more coveted The aim had become to create more crèches and to overcrowd courts and police stations without bringing about integration,” he continues.
The two faction leaders of the House of Representatives and Senate clearly state that the FdI was not forced to take a hard line by the Northern League. “Intervening in the very large meshes that humanitarian protection has reached is not just a political goal, but a duty towards the Italian people,” he says Thomas Foti. “Fratelli d’Italia and the centre-right party are working on a rule system that only allows to be welcome,” he adds Lucio Mala.
The Democratic Party promises to fight. Schlein: “Too bad”
“We will fight back in parliament and in the country,” assures the head of the Chamber of Deputies Klara Braga.
“It’s a shame,” thundered the secretary of the Democratic Party Elly Schlein“Making the most vulnerable pay for this government’s inability to build migration policies.” “They had already tried and the Constitutional Court had also commented on the Salvini decrees. They want to bring us back there,” he said during an election initiative in Siena. “They want to take down widespread reception, which is the only good reception because it involves local communities.”
“We are firmly against it and we will continue to fight – added Schlein – so that the migration policy is in line with international rights, with international charters, starting with the Geneva Charter on the rights of female and male refugees, we have a very clear position on this”.
He answers her John Donzelli, Organization Manager of Fratelli d’Italia: “Schlein said ‘shame’ and thundered fiery words against our wanting to remove him. Luca Casarini was also outraged. But when they attack our special protection reform, it is the best confirmation of our duty, moving forward,” he said, defining the issue as yet another “surreal leftist controversy”. While there are pre-established criteria for access to Europe, such as escaping war, we have invented protections that do not exist in the rest of the world. And obviously, immigrants come to Italy even more often because if they are considered illegal in other countries, here they have the right to stick with broader rules,” he added.
The President of the Senators dem Francesco Boccia He speaks of “inhuman anger” and argues that the majority’s move is really only to “cover up the delays and inability of this government to provide clear direction to get our country out of its economic difficulties”.
The Avs is also ready for the barricades: “Meloni throws off the mask and tries to meet the victims of human trafficking,” observes the deputy group leader Markus Grimaldi.
“After President Meloni, we continue to hear misleading statements from majority representatives about special protection, which is seen as the only Italian anomaly. It is not so. In fact, the majority of EU states provide for complementary protective hypotheses to protect fundamental human rights. Union law allows these hypotheses, in particular the so-called Qualification Directive and the so-called Return Directive, which, in addition to refugee status and subsidiary protection, provide for possible forms of humanitarian or special protection. The level of falsity of the information submitted to justify wrong, ineffective and inhumane government action is appalling,” he explains Peter DeLucaPd Group Chair in the Chamber’s EU Policy Commission.
Elly Schlein in Siena
A complicated process
Meanwhile, he’s waiting to understand how the majority intends to proceed with work on the Senate migrant bill. On the text, in fact, the approx 350 proposed changes tabled by the opposition to the government amendments adding the centre-right sub-motion on special protections. Not only that: the most sensitive articles have yet to be examined and the decree is expected in the plenary hall on Tuesday afternoon. It is therefore very likely that we will go to the meeting without rapporteurs. Which assumes the process starts all over again: that is, the government and the majority must resubmit any desired changes to the CDM-approved text in the chamber. The decree must be converted into law by May 9th and also be examined by the chamber.
What is special protection
The Residence permit for special protectionintroduced by the previous government, is a residence permit Duration 2 years and extendable issued to asylum seekers who cannot or have not yet obtained international protection.
The residence permit can be obtained by the migrant who is demonstrably integrated in Italy (due to family ties, length of stay or other) and for whom there are certain risks in the event of rejection (persecution based on race, sex, language, religion , political opinions); risk of deportation to a country in which he does not enjoy protection; risk of being subjected to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment, or where refoulement involves a violation of the right to respect for private and family life).
The special protection permit is issued by the Territorial Commission where all asylum seekers can apply. And in the event of a refusal, there is the possibility of appealing to a lawyer.