The government draft on differentiated autonomy comes to the Senate chamber. Also known as the Calderoli bill, after the name of the Northern League's minister for regional affairs, it is linked to the maneuver and is the result of numerous passages in the special study commission. The measure will then go to the House of Representatives for consideration. The government's aim is to get it underway before the European elections on June 9th.
The bill aims to implement the provisions of the third paragraphArticle 116 of the Constitution Thereafter, on the basis of an agreement between the State and the region concerned, certain forms and conditions of autonomy in 23 matters may be granted to regions with regular statutes that request it. So it's about a purely procedural law to implement reform of Title V of the Constitution implemented in 2001: It establishes the legislative and administrative procedures to be followed in order to reach an agreement between the State and the regions demanding differentiated autonomy. They range from health to education, from sport to the environment and extend to energy, transport, culture and foreign trade.
In the various passages of the Commission, the connection between the content of the essential performance levels (LEP) and the effectiveness of rights throughout the national territory has been made clearer. In the passage “civil and social rights which must be guaranteed throughout the national territory” the word “equal” was inserted after “guaranteed” and reference was made to Article 119 of the Constitution.
The autonomous functions can therefore only be assigned once the Lep have been uniformly determined throughout the entire area, from the Aosta Valley to Sicily. In order to avoid economic imbalances between regions that adhere to autonomy and those that do not, the bill also provides for compensatory measures.
The times for the agreement between state and region
The agreement process between the state and the region must last at least five months, including the 60 days given to the chambers to examine the applications. The contracts can have a term of up to 10 years and can be extended or terminated early with a notice period of at least 12 months.
It is envisaged that the region, after consulting the local authorities and in accordance with the methods and forms established within the framework of its legal autonomy, decides on the request for the allocation of other forms and special conditions of autonomy in accordance with Article 116. third paragraph of the constitution.
The opposition: “Italy is splitting”
The opposition accuses the majority of dividing Italy and introducing a system that limits the central state's ability to intervene in order to balance the interventions and prevent the richer regions (in the north) from becoming ever richer, to the detriment of the poorer ones (in). in the south) and is moving towards a repeal referendum.
Today in an interview with La Repubblica, the former president of Consulta Ugo De Siervo speaks of the provision as “a partial reform that can be challenged in court, in which only the Italians lose”. For De Siervo, it is “only a partial reform that expands the possibilities for expanding the powers of some regions, without, however, changing the other constitutional rules that already exist”. And he gives a “concrete” example. “If I give a region more powers on health issues,” he says, “they should be able to make their own laws in this area. But if it adopts this, the entire national legislation will change, unless it destroys the entire Italian regional system.” . And when asked whether this violates the current uniform constitutional structure, he answers: “Yes, that's exactly what I mean.” Because what appears to be an administrative change also has consequences for the entire state legislation. However, this is neither provided for nor regulated in Article 117 of the Constitution, which is obviously already in force.”